Central Mexico is one of the country’s richest regions in culture and natural beauty. Its territory extends from the outer limits of a high plateau in the north to the edge of the Sierra Madre range in the south. Temperatures are moderate throughout most of the year, ranging from –3º C (26º F) in the winter to 30º C (86º F) in the summer. The climate can vary considerably depending on the geographic zone.
In this region, you can visit Mexico City, the nation’s capital. There you can appreciate the fascinating architecture of the aging buildings in the city’s Historic Center; or you can visit the Basilica of Guadalupe and such popular neighborhoods as San Angel, Coyoacan and Xochimilco. The latter is known for its gondola rides and colorful boats that take you through canals.
Nearby, you can discover intriguing archeological zones: Teotihuacan in the State of Mexico; Xochicalco in Morelos; Cacaxtla in Tlaxcala; and Tula in Hidalgo. Each archeological site is uniquely different as there are the many natural sites in the surrounding areas: volcanoes Iztaccihuatl and Popocatepetl, which lay between the States of Mexico and Puebla; el Nevado de Toluca in the State of Mexico; el Cerro del Tepozteco in Morelos; the Lagoons of Zempoala between the states of Mexico and Morelos; the Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary in Michoacan; the Sierra Gorda and la Pena de Bernal in Queretaro; and the Huasteca region in San Luis Potosi, where you can also visit mysterious ghost town Real de Catorce.
The central region offers the tranquility of its numerous forests, waterfalls, lakes, rivers, springs and caverns, all of which provide ideal settings for rafting, rappelling, cave exploring, scuba diving, camping, rock climbing and nature observing.
In the Mexican heartland, you can also visit picturesque towns known for their fairs, convents and haciendas, such as Tlaxcala and Huamantla. Or you can experience the rush of the running of the bulls in Aguascalientes, where you can also see cockfights and visit the San Marcos Fair. Or you can visit colonial city Guanajuato, which hosts the famous Cervantino Festival. And then there’s Puebla, the city of angels, with more than 200 churches. Finally, be sure to check out Queretaro’s monumental aqueduct and Morelia’s baroque cathedral, both declared UNESCO World Heritage sites.