Birthplace of the Independence movement; a city full of legends
Befitting its status as a world heritage zone, Guanajuato, Mexico, has many secrets to reveal: narrow alleys, churches, museums, and buildings with a mix of colors and symmetries. It is a city rich with history and legends. Located in the north of Mexico, Guanajuato translates to “the hilly place of frogs” in Tarascan. The first settlers in the area were the Chichimecs, who were followed by the Aztecs; in 1546, the Spanish arrived to mine the region’s gold and silver.
Guanajuato’s city streets are labyrinthine and reminiscent of the medieval quarters of Seville, Granada, or Fez. The town was founded in 1554 and, over the course of its long history, has borne witness to key moments in Mexico’s history and holds clues to the country’s past.
This state capital hosts the International Cervantes Festival each year; other attractions include the Teatro Juárez, the legendary La Valenciana mine, and the museum that houses the famous Guanajuato mummies.
Stroll along its narrow alleyways, tunnels, cobbled streets; visit gravity-defying balconies, stone quarries, the Miniatures Museum, the Mineralogy Museum, the Mariana Gallery, the Museo Iconográfico de Quijote (with its unique display of items related to Cervantes’ famous literary creation), the house-museum of Diego Rivera, and the gardens of the ex-Hacienda de San Gabriel de Barrera. Come and discover why UNESCO designated Guanajuato as a World Heritage Site in 1998. The best way to discover the city’s downtown is on foot. The flow of vehicular traffic is complicated by its narrow streets, and most of the historic buildings are off limits to cars.
The state of Guanajuato includes important towns such as Acámbaro, Salvatierra, Yuriria, Valle de Santiago, Uriangato, Morelón, San Luis de la Paz, San Miguel de Allende, and Dolores Hidalgo, all within the Sierra Gorda. Industrial parks ensure the state continues to develop commercially.
You can travel to Guanajuato by road or fly into its international airport. Mexico’s central region has the country’s most efficient road system; highways 57 and 45 cross the Altiplano and provide connections to this Magical City.